Sorption behavior of Indiana coals and their CO2 sequestration potential

Sequestration of anthropogenic carbon dioxide into geological formations may represent a plausible solution for reducing the amounts of CO2 currently emitted into the atmosphere. Abandoned oil and gas fields, deep saline aquifers, shale units, and unminable coal seams are the preferred ca... Full description

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Authors:Solano-Acosta, W.; Mastalerz, M.; Rupp, J.A.; Schimmelmann, A.
Volume Title:Geological Society of America, Northeastern Section, 38th annual meeting; Geological Society of America, Southeastern Section, 53rd annual meeting
Source:Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America, 36(2), p.54; Geological Society of America, Northeastern Section, 38th annual meeting; Geological Society of America, Southeastern Section, 53rd annual meeting, Washington, DC, March 25-27, 2004. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0016-7592
Publication Date:2004
Note:In English
Subjects:Adsorption; Carbon dioxide; Carboniferous; Clastic rocks; Coal; Coal seams; Isotherms; Macerals; Middle Pennsylvanian; Natural gas; Oil and gas fields; Paleozoic; Pennsylvanian; Petersburg Formation; Petroleum; Rank; Sedimentary rocks; Shale; Sorption; Indiana; United States; Linton Formation; Seelyville Formation; Sequestration
Record ID:2005047232
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2020 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
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Sequestration of anthropogenic carbon dioxide into geological formations may represent a plausible solution for reducing the amounts of CO2 currently emitted into the atmosphere. Abandoned oil and gas fields, deep saline aquifers, shale units, and unminable coal seams are the preferred candidates for geological sequestration. Significant attention has been paid to the unminable coals as they appear to have a twofold beneficial effect. First, carbon dioxide appears to be tightly sorbed into the molecular structure of the coal. Second, as demonstrated both on a laboratory and field scale, the displacement of methane occurs when CO2 is sorbed, thus creating an additional supply of natural gas. Studies in high-rank coals have demonstrated a CO2/CH4 adsorption ratio of 2:1. Recent studies on lower-rank coals suggest much higher ratios and a possible dependency on maceral composition. These studies indicate that the influence of rank and maceral type on sorption needs further evaluation. The sorptive and compositional characteristics of Indiana's high-volatile bituminous C-rank coals are being investigated. Preliminary assessment of the Pennsylvanian Springfield (Petersburg Fm.) and the Seelyville (Linton Fm.) coal seams in Indiana suggest that they could sequester nearly 10.2 million metric tons of CO2. These calculations are based on standard adsorption isotherm analyses performed on crushed coal samples. Currently, an investigation is being conducted on uncrushed core samples of coals at controlled reservoir temperature and pressure conditions in order to more closely approximate in-situ adsorbed CO2 volumes.